My research attempts to study the engineering problem of estimating seismic hazard, by using geophysical models. Currently, earthquake engineers use data from the catalogue of past events to determine future hazard. However, this method when deployed to determine site specific hazard, poses serious limitations due to lack of data. For this reason, it is also not possible to capture extreme events with large return periods that needs to be properly encountered in hazard assessment. Inspired by geophysical models, I have developed new mechanistic approach using finite element method to estimate seismic activity and hazard parameters.
A related area of interest to earthquake engineers is the estimation of ground motion parameters for establishing seismic hazard curves. The existing empirical attenuation relations suffer serious limitations posed by lack of strong motion data at site level. Hence these relations do not completely capture complexities of earthquake source, medium and topography. To address this problem, I have furthered my research to develop three dimensional mechanistic models including the physical simulations of rupture to estimate site specific ground motions.